Jamaica’s Ministry of Well being and Wellness on Saturday declared an outbreak of dengue fever on the island, with over 500 suspected and confirmed instances.
The ministry stated the outbreak comes as its Nationwide Surveillance Unit suggested that the island has surpassed the dengue epidemic threshold for July and August and is on a trajectory to do the identical for September.
“This implies, the nation has seen a rise within the variety of instances in contrast to what’s usually seen throughout these months of the yr,” the ministry acknowledged.
As of Friday, September 23, the nation had recorded 565 suspected, presumed and confirmed instances of dengue, the ministry stated. Of that quantity, 78 instances had been confirmed, with the vast majority of the instances in Kingston and St Andrew, St Catherine and St Thomas, based on the discharge.
There are not any dengue-related deaths categorised right now, however six deaths are being investigated, the ministry stated.
That is the primary outbreak on the island since 2019.
The ministry stated the dominant pressure has been Dengue Kind Two, which is among the deadliest and has not been predominant in Jamaica since 2010. The pressure, along with fever, may cause further signs and will be deadly.
Minister of Well being Dr. Christopher Tufton introduced that vector management staff can be commencing widescale fogging — a traditional approach used to fight Aedes mosquitoes and forestall the an infection.
Dengue viruses are unfold to folks by way of the chew of an contaminated Aedes species mosquito. Nearly half of the world’s inhabitants, about 4 billion folks, stay in areas with a threat of an infection, based on the Heart for Illness Management and Prevention.
Signs embrace fever, headache, muscle and joint ache, fatigue, nausea, and rash. In a small variety of instances, the possibly lethal dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) might develop, leading to inside bleeding, enlargement of the liver, and excessive fever.
About one in 4 folks contaminated with the an infection will get sick.
Dengue all through the area
There’s additionally no particular medication to deal with the an infection. Well being suppliers will administer remedy to deal with signs.
However in america, a vaccine is authorised to be used in kids aged 9 to 16 years with laboratory-confirmed earlier dengue virus an infection and residing in areas the place the an infection is frequent. Endemic areas embrace some U.S. territories and freely related states.
Dengue in america
Dengue outbreaks sometimes happen within the continental United States. Most instances reported within the 49 continental US states happen in vacationers contaminated elsewhere.
As a result of the varieties of mosquitoes that unfold the an infection are frequent all through many areas of america, native unfold is feasible and has been reported in Florida, Hawaii, Texas, and Arizona.
Nevertheless, most outbreaks within the continental United States have been comparatively small and restricted.